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Photo Restoration Repairing damaged photos

Where to start??

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  #1  
Old 04-06-2004, 06:13 AM
enigmatic enigmatic is offline
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Where to start??

I'm very new to Digital Imaging and this is my first post here. I have a B&W image that I want to restore. It belongs to my mother and has been folded up in a drawer for about 50 years. Naturally it has some creases in it and the emulsion has come away in places. When I scanned it, because I couldn't get it very flat the image varies in contrast/brightness.

So any suggestions on where to start would be great.

Do I clone out all the scratches and missing emulsion first? Do I get the contrast/brightness right first for the whole image? Do I have to select parts of the image and try and match the contrast/brightness with adjoining areas?
What are the best tools in I have Photoshop CS to use?

Thanks in advance for you help.
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  #2  
Old 04-06-2004, 01:19 PM
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Flora Flora is offline
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Hi enigmatic,

Welcome to RP!

For pictures like yours, I usually start adjusting tone and contrast followed by scratches and all the rest....

There are many ways to adjust tone and contrast, and, to tell you the truth, I noticed I vary the techniques I use, depending on the picture and on the damage ...

It would be of great help if you could upload the picture, or part of it, so that we could have a look at it...

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  #3  
Old 04-06-2004, 02:18 PM
enigmatic enigmatic is offline
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Hi Flora.....

Thanks for the reply. Hopefully I've attached a small section of the image which shows one of the 'bad folds'.


Colin
Attached Images
File Type: jpg restore.jpg (74.9 KB, 77 views)
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  #4  
Old 04-06-2004, 02:46 PM
Mike Mike is offline
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I would try a little harder to correct the fold before you scan it. Sometimes a few minutes of work will save you a lot of time and headaches in PS.

Mike
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Old 04-06-2004, 07:35 PM
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Flora Flora is offline
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Hi Enigmatic, Mike,


Quote:
Originally Posted by Mike
I would try a little harder to correct the fold before you scan it. Sometimes a few minutes of work will save you a lot of time and headaches in PS.
....soooo true!!!

Enigmatic,

...I didn't think your picture was in such bad conditions ... at least the part you posted.... The 'biggest' job was actually removing the vertical scratch ....

Here is what I did:
  • Duplicated the BG Layer.
  • Used the Layer via Copy for the biggest damages (selected, slightly feathered, and copied good parts of the picture, Ctrl+J pasted them on their own Layers, 'V' moved them to cover the worst damages.
  • Used Clone + Patch Tools for the rest of the damages.
  • Created Luminosity and Shadow Masks , Ctrl+J copied them on their own Layers and 'played' with the blendings (Multiply, Overlay, Soft Light) to give more tone and contrast to the picture.
  • Finally, I slightly sharpened the image with a very soft Unsharp Mask.

Just let me know if you need more help .....
Attached Images
File Type: jpg F_restore.jpg (97.8 KB, 68 views)
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  #6  
Old 04-06-2004, 08:48 PM
Vikki Vikki is offline
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This is how I would tackle this:
Always scan in color, you will get a lot more information to work with.
Check each color channel to see if one of them looks good, with most of the detail intact. If so, convert it to grayscale and work on that.
Alternatively, you might also try converting to lab mode, and using the luminosity channel , doing the same as above.
I would adjust contrast with levels or curves. Do not use contrast/brightness and don't try to give it the contrast you see in photos nowadays. In my opinion, it ruins the image, produces shadows without details, blown out highlights, and an over all ugly image.
Start the clean up with the healing brush, and whatever you do, don't use the smudge tool!
Oh, I almost forgot, try to have fun.

Flora,
Something about the women's face looks odd. Did you possibly use the right side to replace the left, or is is me?
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  #7  
Old 04-06-2004, 09:33 PM
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Flora Flora is offline
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Hi Vikki,

Quote:
Originally Posted by Vikki
Flora,
Something about the women's face looks odd. Did you possibly use the right side to replace the left, or is is me?
....Something does look odd .... even though I didn't swap-replace any part of her face .... just her hat and jacket.....

I might have overdone it with the Overlay Layer when increasing the contrast ... I'll go back and try to correct it....

Thanks...

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  #8  
Old 04-06-2004, 09:40 PM
Mig Mig is offline
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Flora, it looks good - real sharp (as in brilliant-looking), with nice tone and detail. The woman's face isn't as wide as it should be.

Mig
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  #9  
Old 04-07-2004, 12:03 AM
Vikki Vikki is offline
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Flora, I think you're right. It looks like the culprit is the contrast.
I adjusted the contrast on the original, using levels. I just made a square selection of a large area on the right side (good area), added a levels adjustment layer, and clicked "auto". This automatically created a mask of the area I selected. I then discarded the mask from the adjustment layer, which applies the adjustment to the entire layer. I then lowered the opacity of the adjustment layer, just a bit.
This still has more contrast than I care for, but I know a lot of people like that.
Having said all that, if you compare the two versions, look at the shadowed areas, especially around the eyes, nose and lips. Your contrast is a lot stronger in those areas, which may be why her face looks different.
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File Type: jpg F_restore[1]-copy.jpg (90.5 KB, 46 views)
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  #10  
Old 04-07-2004, 12:09 AM
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Rexx Rexx is offline
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And also the standard scanning tip if you have a creased original. Turn it 90 degrees and 180 degrees in the scanner and scan it again. This will change reflection off the cracks and you will get more detail out of it, accumulating the scans and use the best parts.

This is a brilliant tip somewhere else on this forum. Unfortunately I cannot remember who originally contributed it.
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